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Important Dermatological Procedures for PG Students

Dermatological procedures encompass a wide range of medical and cosmetic interventions aimed at diagnosing, treating, and improving the health and appearance of the skin, hair, and nails. Dermatologists, medical professionals specializing in dermatology, are typically responsible for performing these procedures.

Dermatology MD e-lecture series includes one of the best PG Dermatology video lectures to give in-dept understanding of Dermatological Procedures. Postgrads can enhance their skills as well as knowledge through this online MD Dermatology e-lecture series. The course covers procedural dermatology demonstrated by eminent Dermatology faculty.

Dermatology MD by Dr. Rashmi Sarkar and Dr. S. Sacchidanand covers the following dermatological procedures:

  1. Perioperative Considerations in Dermatologic Surgery

Purpose: Ensure patient safety and optimal surgical outcomes by addressing pre-, intra-, and post-operative factors.

Procedure: Comprehensive assessment, risk management, and coordinated care throughout the surgical process.

  1. Laser Hair Reduction

Purpose: Permanent reduction of unwanted hair through the selective destruction of hair follicles.

Procedure: Application of laser energy to target melanin in hair follicles, inhibiting growth.

  1. Management of Keloids

Purpose: Control and improve the appearance of raised and overgrown scars.

Procedure: Intralesional corticosteroid injections, laser therapy, or surgical excision with adjuvant treatments.

  1. Excisional Surgery and Repair, Flaps, and Grafts

Purpose: Remove skin lesions or defects and reconstruct with optimal cosmetic and functional outcomes.

Procedure: Excision of skin lesions followed by closure through primary repair, flaps, or grafts.

  1. Laser and Light-Based Treatments: Hair Removal Optimization

Purpose: Enhance effectiveness and safety of laser hair removal procedures.

Procedure: Adjustment of laser parameters, cooling techniques, and pre-treatment considerations.

  1. Laser and Light-Based Treatments: Qs Nd YAG – Basics, Pearls, and Indications

Purpose: Target pigmented lesions, vascular lesions, and provide skin rejuvenation.

Procedure: Use of Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with specific parameters based on lesion type.

  1. Laser and Light-Based Treatments: Energy Based Devices – Scars and More

Purpose: Improve the appearance of scars and address various skin concerns using energy-based devices.

Procedure: Application of lasers or other devices to stimulate collagen production and tissue remodeling.

  1. Surgical Management of Vitiligo

Purpose: Restore pigmentation in areas affected by vitiligo.

Procedure: Punch grafting, split-thickness grafting, or non-cultured epidermal cell suspension.

  1. Non-invasive Body Contouring

Purpose: Reduce localized fat and contour the body without surgery.

Procedure: Utilization of non-surgical techniques such as cryolipolysis or radiofrequency for fat reduction.

  1. Chemical Peeling

Purpose: Improve skin texture, tone, and address specific skin concerns through controlled chemical exfoliation.

Procedure: Application of chemical agents (e.g., alpha hydroxy acids) to induce controlled skin peeling.

  1. Microneedling

Purpose: Stimulate collagen production and improve skin texture and appearance.

Procedure: Use of a device with fine needles to create controlled micro-injuries in the skin.

  1. Evolution of Liposuction: Manual-Powered-Laser

Purpose: Remove excess fat and sculpt body contours through different liposuction techniques.

Procedure: Traditional, powered, or laser-assisted liposuction to suction out fat deposits.

  1. Fat Transfer

Purpose: Enhance volume and contour by transferring fat from one area to another.

Procedure: Harvesting, processing, and injecting autologous fat into desired regions.

  1. Surgical Management of Acne Scars

Purpose: Improve the appearance of acne scars through various surgical techniques.

Procedure: Subcision, punch excision, laser resurfacing, or dermal fillers, depending on scar type.

  1. The Journey of Resurfacing: From Manual to Lasers and EBDS

Purpose: Enhance skin texture and address signs of aging or sun damage through resurfacing techniques.

Procedure: Manual resurfacing (e.g., dermabrasion), laser resurfacing, or energy-based devices for controlled skin removal.

  1. Botulinum Toxin in Dermatology

Purpose: Reduce dynamic wrinkles and treat various dermatological conditions through muscle relaxation.

Procedure: Injection of botulinum toxin into targeted muscles to inhibit muscle contractions and smooth wrinkles.

It’s important to note that dermatology students can only identify the appropriate course of action if they have an in-depth understanding of the subject, skin anatomy, and various skin conditions. Knowledge of the latest advancements in dermatological procedures and treatments and ability to diagnose and differentiate between different skin disorders is a must. They must have strong analytical skills to accurately diagnose skin conditions and recommend appropriate treatments. Ability to interpret biopsy results and other diagnostic tests is highly crucial.

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